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Guide to Open Access: Research and researcher visibility

ORCID researcher identifier

The international ORCID researcher identifier provides a persistent and unique digital iD for researchers. It is a series of numbers, which distinguishes a researcher from others.

By creating an ORCID ID for yourself and connecting it with your professional information you ensure that your research outputs are correctly attributed to you. Over time, using the ORCID ID reduces the need to enter the same personal and publication information repeatedly into different systems.

Boost your visibility by creating your ORCID ID and register free of charge:

ORCID researcher identifier

  • distinguishes you from every other researcher or author across organizational boundaries, even when they share your name,
  • ebables you to create a list of your publications and other research outputs in the ORCID to share and connect with others thus enchancing scholarly communication
  • can be linked with other researcher IDs (e.g. ISNI, ResearcherID, Scopus Author ID) in the ORCID service, thus enabling transfering author´s information automatically between a variety of systems, for example indexing services of publications.

ORCID ID connects researcher´s information and research outputs, such as publications, in Finnish Research Information Service

ORCID is a registry of unique identifies for researchers and authors, operating as non-proprietary and community-based.. The community members include e.g. individual researchers and authors, publishers (e.g. Elsevier), universities and research institutes (e.g. MIT and CERN) and scientific associations.
More information on the ORCID researcher ID

Social networks for researchers

Social networking services for researchers and authors are platforms like ResearchGate and However, they are not publishing platforms which meet the criteria of open access publishing.

For example, in the ResearchGate service you can create your profile, link your publications, follow the latest research in your field, establish groups and participate in discussions. It helps you to gain visibility for your research and find collaborators.

Check publisher´s limitations before uploading your paper into social networking services

Always check publisher´s limitation on uploading articles and publications into e.g. ResearchGate. In most cases, the author’s right of use of the publication are described in the publishing agreement and funding decision. Often they limit the right to share publications to the publisher/funder.

Besides, remember to check that the publication to be uploaded does not entail any limitations regarding the confidentiality of the material.

Check what you can do with publications uploaded into social networking services

When downloading publications from e.g. ResearchGate, to be shared with your fellow researchers/authors, remember to check the terms of use of the publication from the original source (e.g. scientific publication/publisher) or, when necessary, ask for a permission and/or more specific information from the person who has uploaded the publication into the social networking site.

Is sharing the article in ResearchGate and enough in terms of self-archiving?


These researchers’ social media services entail challenges:

  • permanent saving cannot be guaranteed, and
  • the articles cannot be accessed openly in the way they are in publication repositories by higher education institutions.

Uploading your publication in research networking services is not considered self-archiving in the MINEDU instructions on collecting data on publications, either.

Read more in the article by Irene Ylönen ResearchGate vai julkaisuarkisto - vai molemmat? (in Finnish)

You can link the self-archived version of your publication in a researcher networking service. This way you don’t have to worry about publishing agreement limitations.

In self-archiving, the Turku UAS Library and Information Services is responsible for depositing the articles, asking for permissions and embargoes. When using a commercial channel of distribution, like researcher networking services, authors must take care of these themselves when following the instructions of the publisher.

An self-archived version of your publication in Turku UAS’ OA repository Theseus has a permanent URL address. Self-archived publications in repositories are also findable with search engines.

What affiliation?

In scientific publications, an affiliation is mentioned with the author’s name. Affiliation refers to the author’s home organization, higher education institution or research institution, as a member of which the publication has been created.

It is important that the article you publish contains your name and affiliation Turku University of Applied Sciences or Turun ammattikorkeakoulu:

  • the affliation ensures the publication points to Turku UAS in the collection of publication information
  • Self-archiving is easier when the publication already contains the information that it has been made as a part of work duties at Turku UAS.

N.B. Affiliation can contain more than one organization. For example, if your employer is Turku UAS and you participate in a project coordinated by another organization, both organizations can be listed as affiliations with your name in a publication.

About the guide

This guide contains Turku UAS’ instructions on open access. In the guide, for instance, the following themes will be covered:

  • What do we mean by open access?
  • How to publish open access?
  • What are the recommendations of Turku UAS on open access publishing?
  • How do I submit my publication for the reporting of the Ministry of Education and Culture (MINEDU) and self-archive it?
  • How can the visibility and findability of research and publications be promoted?

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Guide to Open Access:

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This publication has been licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license